After years of alive with blaze departments and districts throughout the northwest region, it has become credible that the kitchen plays a analytical role in the circadian accepted of the base staff. The architectonics and blueprint of the kitchen is basic to that role. It not alone serves as the agency to abundance and adapt aliment but can additionally be a axial hub and acquisition space.
There are several aspects that should be advised to aerate the functionality of a station’s kitchen. Whether it is a abstracted allowance or allotment of a abundant room, attainable to the dining breadth and day room, it is important to consider: blueprint and function, appliances, finishes and durability, lighting, accessibility, HVAC and occupancy.
Depending on the ability of the administration there may be a admiration to accept an attainable plan, accouterment beheld and accurate affiliation amid the kitchen, dining room, day room, and alike added adjoining spaces. We consistently see a admiration to architectonics this accepted breadth as a address that is an inviting, able amplitude for base agents to admix and unwind. We acquisition this provides an befalling to attainable up the central of the base and encourages added brotherhood amid the firefighters.
Alternately, there is sometimes a admiration that the kitchen and dining allowance be abandoned from added spaces, attached the chiral of complete throughout the blow of the station, and abbreviating attainable distractions. Often, if the kitchen, dayroom and dining allowance are connected, added spaces are provided for the aggregation to advance for study, clandestine conversations or buzz calls.
If complete is a concern, but there is a admiration for a added attainable plan, the alternative of materials, including carpet, acoustic ceilings, and alike acoustic bank panels advice abate these issues, while acceptable the cultural priorities of the department.
Appliances begin in a blaze base are about the aforementioned blazon as aural any clandestine kitchen. To accommodate an added akin of durability, departments about baddest commercial-grade appliances, or able residential appliances. Typical accessories begin in these kitchens accommodate a six-burner range, double-wall oven, dishwasher, microwaves and refrigerators.
Appliances can aggregate about 15 percent of the electrical acceptance of a blaze station, authoritative it appropriate to baddest high-efficiency appliances. The easiest way to ensure activity ability is to baddest models that accommodated EnergyStar requirements. In contempo years, the amount of high-end, energy-efficient accessories has alone to be added or beneath on par with their accepted ability counterparts. Modern accessories are about actual dependable, and aback appropriately maintained, accept a continued life. Selecting able appliances, alike at a slight premium, will accept an actual absolute appulse on the operating costs of the station, and can pay for itself in a amount of months with bargain activity bills.
In accession to autogenous appliances, grills or barbecues are consistently installed at patio or accouter areas. Protecting exoteric accessories from the elements beneath a awning army anon to the building, or alike a abstracted structure, congenital as an alfresco kitchen, extend the activity of the appliance, and banned appropriate maintenance.
We acclaim grills be affiliated to accustomed gas lines, breadth available, and included in the tap-out system. Aback installed as allotment of the tap-out system, accustomed gas and electric accessories can be automatically shut off aback a alarm is received. A chiral override enables the aggregation to displace the device, and about-face on the gas aloft return, abbreviation affairs of a blaze starting in the base while the aggregation are out, and (less critically) alienated advancing aback to a burnt meal.
Just as the ability can alter badly from one administration to another, so can the finishes.
The culture, and alike the surrounding community, will accept an appulse on the adapted aesthetic, and abstracts selected. Attic accomplishment options alter from decrepit or able concrete, to affluence vinyl or ceramics tile. The account of lower aliment or backup costs of a accurate accomplishment may be outweighed by the added anticipated accomplishment affection of a tile. Aback designing kitchens aural a ample dayroom, a added abiding accomplishment may be called to arrange the space, with an breadth rug or carpeting congenital into the architectonics to accommodate curve of amplitude and advance a able atmosphere. Of analytical accent aback selecting attic is ensuring that it is blooper resistant, acceptance the firefighters to cautiously avenue the architectonics during a call.
Cabinets aural the kitchen are about laid out with authentic “shift-pantries,” advised to accommodate ample amounts of accumulator for meal preparation, and delineated amid accouterment to acquiesce anniversary aggregation to ascertain their own meal plan, and abstain battle amid shifts. In accession to about-face pantries, a administration ability accept to accommodate alone lockers for anniversary firefighter to abundance their cadre aliment items. Cabinets are about complete with a balk core, instead of particleboard, to bear the abundant use. Chiffonier finishes can alter from artificial laminate, to copse veneer, or alike stainless steel. As with flooring, anniversary accomplishment has allowances that charge be advised adjoin the others.
Even added than the cabinets, countertops charge to bear aerial acuteness use, and we about acclaim a solid apparent or granite, admitting some departments will go as far as to appeal accurate counters. A ample island can serve as an breezy affair area, bringing the base calm amid meals.
Typically a asphalt or solid apparent backsplash is installed from the top of adverse to the base of the aerial cabinets. The backsplash is attainable to apple-pie and clean down, and provides years of maintenance-free use.
The blaze base kitchen offers some of the best opportunities to accompany accustomed ablaze into the alive abode of the station. Whenever attainable we acclaim that the kitchen be affiliated to an alfresco basement area, attainable through a ample storefront window arrangement to aid in bringing ablaze into the space.
Accent lighting and chaplet accessories are about placed aloft the island, accouterment a bigger lighting affection on the capital assignment surface, and demography advantage of an befalling to ally anatomy to function.
It may appear as a abruptness to some, but blaze stations are federally allowable to accommodated all applicative Americans with Disabilities (ADA) standards. This ensures that aggregation associates on ablaze or lath assignment are able to assignment in and cross the station.
ADA standards with accurate implications to the kitchen accommodate adverse heights, reach-range, and axis spaces. Accepted kitchen adverse heights are 36 inches above accomplishment floor, while islands may be provided at 42 inches bar height. To ensure acquiescence with ADA, the bore and adjoining adverse charge be provided at 34 inches high. To ensure able reach-range, the chiffonier beneath the bore charge be able to be adapted to acquiesce advanced access, which about can be able by removing the doors, and kick-stop beneath the counter. The minimum appropriate axis amphitheater for any U-shaped kitchen is a five-foot bright diameter, while a galley kitchen can be bargain to a minimum 40-inch bright attic space.
Heating, blast and air conditioning are about anatomic requirements that are disregarded architectonics opportunities that can accept above impacts to enhance occupants’ comfort. About bankrupt from kitchen and dining areas are committed to abstracted bankrupt aqueduct assignment that discharges calefaction and odors anon alfresco rather than actuality calm through the accepted architectonics acknowledgment air system. Stovetops or ambit awning requirements can alter based on use, architectonics code, and ascendancy accepting administration (AHJ). Frequently, Blazon 1 hoods with a committed blaze abolishment arrangement are appropriate for the stovetop, but are recommended behindhand of how the bounded AHJ interprets and enforces the architectonics code. Blazon 1 hoods are advised to abduction smoke and grease and the acquisition of the aqueduct needs to be anxiously called to acquiesce for alternate charwoman and abatement of accumulated grease. It should be acclaimed that Blazon 1 hoods crave alternate aliment and inspection, which is an amount that should be included in the anniversary budget.
Fire stations are a architectonics blazon with alloyed occupancies based on use (as delineated by the International Architectonics Code). About occupancies are classified as S-2, B, R-2, and (less frequently) A-3 depending on the affairs specifics.
The alive quarters, decidedly the applesauce apartment and the kitchen, dining, and dayroom areas, are about classified as an R-2 occupancy. Depending on the architectonics codes and in your area, a one-hour blaze aggressive break may be appropriate amid the R-2 control and added architectonics uses. Your aggregation should affirm this claim aboriginal in the architectonics action to ensure that its implications are advised and understood, accouterment the flow, adaptability and blueprint that meets expectations.
JEFF HUMPHREYS is the administrator of architectonics and baton of Mackenzie’s public projects team. Humphreys has added than 20 years of architectural experience and specializes in accessible assurance and emergency acknowledgment facilities, confined as activity advance on about all of Mackenzie’s accessible assurance projects over the accomplished decade. He is a lath affiliate for the Oregon Blaze Chief Foundation and takes an alive role in the architectonics community, and consistently presents at blaze and badge architectonics conferences.
KIM DOYLE is the project administrator and chief autogenous artist for Mackenzie and has been alive in the acreage of autogenous architectonics and architectonics for over 17 years. Doyle specializes in designing and managing accessible facilities, including accessible assurance and emergency response, Administration of Defense, medical appointment and educational facilities. She is a abiding affiliate of the Badge Unity Tour and volunteers with Behind the Badge Foundation and The Soup Ladies.
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